Thymine Vs Uracil


Inculcating your mind with scientific terms might be confusing sometimes especially when you’re trying to differentiate two elements that almost associated with each other. For instance, In the formation of the backbone of nucleic acid, the are many phosphate bases paired with the pentose sugar to build chains of nucleotides as a vital process for the nucleic acid.

  Thymine Uracil
Person responsible German chemist Robert Behrend 1885 Albert Neumann and Albrecht Kossel 1893
What it contains Methyl group at -5 carbon Hydrogen molecule at-5 carbon
Stability More stable Less stable
Utilization Use by DNA Use by RNA

When you come across this process, you will definitely encounter the terms thymine and uracil. What could be the main distinction of these two? As the scientific explanation suggests, a thymine is a formation of an adenine paired with 2 hydrogen bonds. It is a significant part of the DNA formation a.k.a. Deoxyribonucleic acid. It is defined as the nucleic acid responsible for carrying the information involving the genetic makeup of a human.

On the other hand, the uracil refers to the chemical bond of the C-5 hydrogen atom and adenine. It is a relative ingredient of the RNA formation. It is explained as a nucleic acid responsible for transporting information to the DNA and acts as a messenger to the rest of the body that involves the synthesis of proteins. Both of these chemical bonds are relevant for the formation of cells.


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