Sterilization Vs Disinfection


Improper sanitation and handling of items may invite microorganisms and cause contamination that will eventually endanger one’s health. It is important to have the basic knowledge on how to properly clean and maintain the items in their perfect condition. You should be aware of the sterilization and disinfection. These processes aim for one goal and that is, to clean, neutralize the odor, and eliminate the bacteria and germs.

  Sterilization Disinfection
Purpose Process of complete removal of  microorganisms Process of reducing the number of microorganisms
Usage Usually used in hospital Usually used in daily routine
Types Sterile filtration, heating, steam, chemical sterilization, radiation sterilization Alcohols, air disinfectants, phenolics, oxidixing agents, aldehydes
Elaboration Kill harmful ant harmful microbes and their spores present on a surface or object Inactivate or eliminate most harmful microorganisms from surfaces or objects

Having a soap in hand is not adequate to subdue the invasion of the microorganisms. The sterilization process kills the living microorganisms up to its cells and spores. At least 99.99% of the bacteria and germs are eliminated. There are several types of microbial controls relative to sterilization. One basic example of this process is when you put the utensils in a boiling water to rid away the contaminants. On the other hand, a disinfection is a process of eliminating the microorganisms up to the extent of their living cells only. A sterilization is more effective than the disinfection yet the latter deemed significant because it acts as a preventive process. A thorough cleaning procedure is not enough but if you disinfect the germs and bacteria, hence it will become an effective preventive maintenance.


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