Difference Between Sap vs Resin

sap   vs   resin

These plant products have distinct characteristics and purposes on how human use them. The plant family contains both sap and resin. However, it is most appreciated in trees.

When a tree is cut, two fluids come out of it. One oozes out, which is colored yellow, the other builds up in the holes and begins to harden, the color of which is a variety of white. The yellow one is the SAP, while the latter is RESIN.

Sap is like the blood of plants; it travels in the xylem and in the phloem vessels, and carries food to the different parts of the plant. It is mostly water (absorbed from the roots), sugar (made from photosynthesis), minerals, and other nutrients. This is taken in the production of molasses, such as sugar in sugarcanes, and maple syrup from the maple tree.

Resin on the other hand acts like a special blood component, much like clotting factors in the human blood, as it builds up to seal holes in the tree. It is viscous and it hardens. Some plant resins are used as a glue to seal the holes in furniture-making, woodcarvings, and other things made up of wood. It is also used in inks, varnish, lacquer, perfumes and jewelry.

Following are key Difference Between Sap vs Resin

Sap Resin
Denote Is the sugar that is found in phloem and xylem cells in tree Liquid which is stored in outer cells of trees
Characteristics Hard, clear and red. Sticky and gummy, yellowish or white.
Usage Use in production such as sugar and molasses from the sugarcane sap, and maple syrup from maple sap Used in the manufacture of lacquer, varnish, inks, perfumes and jewelry. Pine pitch is use for food containers and sealing boats.

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