melody and harmony

When it comes to the field of music, we often heard these words – Melody and Harmony. These two distinct musical terminologies connote different meanings. People opted to swap the use of these words as they were almost related. What are melody and harmony all about?

A melody is described as the linear progression of musical notes and tones. It is also a combination of pitch and rhythm. If you were listening to a song, the melody will catch one’s attention. It is also called the horizontal aspect of music. Throughout a single composition, a melody can be repetitive in diverse forms and may comprise of one or more musical motif or phrases. There are different melodies for every various music styles. A melody can exist even without depending on the harmony.

In contrary, the harmony is defined as the utilization of simultaneous tones, notes or chords. It pertains to the ‘vertical’ aspect of music. It inculcates the principles of chords in terms of chord construction and progression. It complements the balance of music, whereas it requires the presence of consonant and dissonant sounds which often indicates the tension and relaxation music. A harmony cannot exist without the melody.


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