Latitude vs Longitude

Geographical Coordinates: Latitude VS Longitude

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  Latitude and Longitude are used in specifying geographical locations. Latitude identifies a location with respect to the equator. Collectively, they are also known as parallels as they are drawn parallel to the equator. They are designated as the Greek letter phi Φ and ranges from 00 to 900 North and South. They run in an east to west direction and locations sharing a common latitude mean that they fall in the same hemisphere but not necessarily share similar time zones. There are 180 latitude lines that run parallel to the equator – prominent lines are Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Latitudes are typically used in classifying temperature zones.

Longitude on the other hand specifies locations with respect to the Prime Meridian which is an imaginary line that connects the North Pole to South Pole. Longitudes are collectively known as meridians as they run from the North Pole to South Pole. They are designated as the Greek letter lambda λ and ranges from 00 to 1800 East and West. Sharing a common longitude means that the locations have similar time zones but not necessarily same hemispheres. There are 360 longitudes and the most prominent one is the Greenwich Meridian. They are typically used in classifying time zones.

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